As a general rule, the party is excused for non-compliance with the benefit when a situation occurs without action or fault by one of the parties that makes it impossible for one of the parties to perform a contractual obligation. However, a party that wants to rely on this principle must demonstrate that the delivery is objectively impossible and not only difficult, painful or economically painful. Depending on the tenancy agreement, this will result in a proportional cancellation of the tenants. However, whether these considerations apply to rates and taxes and other valuation charges is less clear, but a tenant remains responsible for all the public services he actually consumes during the prohibition period, such as electricity consumed on rental land during the prohibition period. In modern life today, most agreements contain a screw-major clause (also known as force majeure or act of God). The main objective of a major clause is to regulate efforts to protect against the potential risk of intervention, without any of the parties having any fault or action by the parties that may make it impossible to carry out contractual obligations. In the event that South Africa experiences a total closure, retailers and wholesalers can find out whether the terms of their leases provide for a review of conditions, a reduction in rent or termination of leases due to the effects of the virus. The first things, but first… The starting point is to determine what is a case of force majeure or vis major. In the joint venture between Aveng (Africa) (Pty) Ltd and Strabag International GmbH against South African National Roads Agency SOC Ltd and another, it is generally accepted that a qualified event (a case of force majeure or vis major) is another aspect of these uncertain periods: in your case, can the rental contract be suspended because the tenant is not able to do so , in certain circumstances, to take advantage of the advantageous use of the premises. Whether you are a party who wishes to rely on the force majeure clause or the party who assumes that a force majeure clause is invoked, your first point of departure is to carefully review the provisions of your agreement.