Biographical information exchanges on immigration are expected to begin in 2013 and biometric exchanges in 2014. CONSIDERING that it is important to administer and enforce their respective immigration laws in order to protect the health and safety of their people, to preserve the security of their societies and to promote international justice and security by denying access to their territory to persons who are criminals or security risks; Visitors from all other countries, regardless of the purpose of their visit to the United States, require a visa to enter. The most commonly issued U.S. visa is the B1/B2 or visitor visa, which also allows entry for business purposes (but no employment). Visitors entering the VWP do not require a B1/B2 visa; Entry into the VWP is intended for the same purpose. B1/B2 visas are generally valid for 10 years. CONVAINCUS that strengthening cooperation through the exchange of information can make their actions more effective in achieving these goals; IN ALSO, it is necessary to complement existing information exchange agreements between them, including the declaration of mutual understanding between the Department of Citizenship and Immigration (CIC) and the Immigration and Nature Service (INS) and the United States. Department of State (DOS), 27 The Declaration of Mutual Communication between the Department of Citizenship and Canadian Immigration (CIC) and the Office of Citizenship and Immigration Services (BCIS), Department of Homeland Security (DHS), August 22, 2003 (Annex «Asylum»), was issued on August 22, 2003; On December 13, 2012, Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism Minister Jason Kenney and U.S. AMBASSADOR to Canada David Jacobson signed the Visa and Immigration Information Exchange Agreement (the «Agreement») to promote the Economic Security and Competitiveness Action Plan (the «Action Plan»), signed in 2011 by Prime Minister Stephen Harper and President Barack Obama. As part of the action plan, Canada and the United States committed to sharing information on immigration to improve border efficiency and security by identifying and verifying the identities of foreigners and identifying those who were not authorized as soon as possible.

U.S. visas are not issued in the United States. On the contrary, they are exhibited in U.S. embassies and consulates abroad. The embassy system is under the auspices of the United States.