During the transitional period of Brexit, the withdrawal agreement obliges the UK to meet its obligations under international agreements (including trade agreements) negotiated by the EU. As a general rule, the contracting parties to these agreements were not required to agree, although in practice a considerable number chose to do so or expressed a formal willingness to incorporate the existing provisions into the transition (see this briefing). The impact of the loss of the benefits of these trade agreements must be put into perspective. According to the UK Government, the AGREEMENTs in this area benefit only about 10% of the UK`s total trade (note that this figure does not include Japan, but that the EU-Japan trade agreement only recently came into force). However, the absence of a «great overall effect» will not be very comforting for companies that have significant customers in areas where benefits are not preserved. The EU is concerned that the UK will adopt a policy of deregulation in certain areas or decide to subsidise British companies in order to under-compete with EU competitors. It therefore endeavours to engage the United Kingdom in its playing playing level play play commitments, in order to prevent the United Kingdom from participating in such a tactic. For its part, the United Kingdom insists that it does not want to embark on a «race to the bottom» in regulation, but it also insists that it can regulate freely after the end of the transition period, as it sees fit, and that it should not be forced to make changes to comply with EU regulations. The rhetorical position demanded a great deal because it did not recognise the UK`s unique degree of integration into the EU and the EU`s free trade agreements did not recognise that these were not options for a selection of Commission offers, but that any free trade agreement was a carefully negotiated compromise between the EU and its partner, in which the latter «purchased» the concessions. by offering hers. But the rhetoric was also not consistent with reality. Although the approach to the negotiations, published in February 2020, only when the UK published concrete proposals in its draft free trade agreement between the UK and the EU in May was the extent to which it sought to extend access to EU markets beyond previous EU free trade agreements. In this document, four of these enlargements have been widely debated, each going beyond the EU`s offer in its draft text and requiring any long and complex negotiations: the EU`s negotiating mandate and the draft EU treaty use the same language, but, as you know, the British project (and its rhetoric) oppose such binding obligations in respect of EU standards.

and even less that the European Court of Justice can play a role in the interpretation and application of the law.